Internet of Things Assessment: Why is It So Important?

Over the past few years, the Internet of Things (IoT) has become one of the top technologies in the world. Due to the increased usage and demand of IoT-connected devices, the number of IoT devices is expected to reach 29 billion Internet of Things devices in 2030, which is almost three times 9.7 billion in 2020. 


Nevertheless, the more connected devices, the more they are at risk of cyberattacks. A Kaspersky study reveals that almost 1.51 billion IoT breaches occurred from January to June 2021. It becomes necessary to keep the Internet of Things effective and secure. However, traditional methods of maintaining IoT security are no longer sufficient. 


IoT devices require automated methods of assessments and testing, especially for those devices that undergo continuous integration. This article highlights Internet of Things assessment, common challenges to IoT testing, and the need for IoT assessment for modern businesses. 


What is an Internet of Things Assessment?


What are Some Common Challenges of IoT Assessment?


What Tools are Used for Internet of Things Assessment?


Why Does Your Business Need IoT Assessment Automation?


What to Look for in an Automated IoT Assessment Solution?


How CyberArrow Helps you with IoT Assessment Automation?


What is an Internet of Things Assessment?


IoT consists of three key components, including communications, devices, and computing. Communication between devices is critical for the entire system to keep working, and it is carried out through Wi-Fi or satellites and cellular services. Computing in IoT is done in a central location, either in the cloud or on-prem servers, to keep the system working efficiently. 


However, the diversity of underlying devices and communication and the need for synergy sometimes hinder the implementation of common IoT solutions worldwide. Security issues in IoT networks can negatively impact their performance. This is where the Internet of Things assessment steps in. 


Internet of Things Assessment is a security framework that helps audit embedded networks, systems, applications, and firmware to identify potential threats that may be present in your IoT environment and mitigate them. The security requirements needed for IoT assessment include policies, procedures, and technical controls. 


Importance of IoT Assessment


With the proliferation of IoT devices in our everyday life, we are increasingly heading towards an era where every household will become interconnected and controllable through a handheld device. However, with this exponential increase in IoT devices, assessing the IoT environment has become more important than ever.


Internet of Things assessment is critical for security testing and identifying risks and vulnerabilities in IoT devices and networks. IoT testing is not only necessary to secure IoT environments, but it can reap many benefits for businesses. Some of its benefits include:


  • Building Trust for End Users: It helps build secure solutions for your customers that significantly enhance end users’ trust in your services. 


  • Securing Revenue & Business Reputation: Customer trust in your services helps enhance your business reputation, which in turn positively impacts business revenue and helps generate more significant ROI. 


  • Detecting Security Loopholes: IoT assessment is crucial to detect security gaps and complex vulnerabilities in IoT products and helps prevent cyber-attacks.


  • Meeting the Compliance Standard: IoT assessments help businesses comply with industry-specific security standards and guidelines to identify and address domain-specific risks and threats.


What are Some Common Challenges of IoT Assessment?


While IoT assessment is necessary to assess the security of the IoT environment, it presents some challenges that may complicate the process for testers. In this section, we will be highlighting some of them. 


Various Cloud Platforms


IoT devices depend on various cloud platforms for their connectivity, including the AWS IoT, Azure IoT, etc., to work smoothly and efficiently. Ensuring the usability of such devices while running on the cloud is also necessary for IoT environments. This becomes challenging for testers to assess each device across different platforms, including OS, multiple cloud platforms, and browsers.


Security Vulnerabilities Detection


Detecting security vulnerabilities and loopholes in a diversified network of IoT devices presents a major challenge to the ones assessing the Internet of Things. To tackle this challenge, you can identify device architecture or firmware vulnerabilities from an attacker’s perspective. Also, penetration testing can help in this regard.


Real-Time Data Testing


While pilot testing or regulatory testing is necessary for IoT systems, it becomes very difficult to get real-time data. Deploying the system in the pilot or getting regulatory checkpoints is tough for the testing team. So, assessing real-time data remains a big challenge for many.


Hardware & Software Mesh


IoT architecture is coupled loosely among multiple software and hardware components. Not only the software apps make the system, but also the sensors, hardware, communication gateways, etc., play a vital role. Testing this diversified network becomes challenging for testers compared to assessing a generic system.


What Tools are Used for Internet of Things Assessment?


In some scenarios, the tester can access the required device physically, which may facilitate the testing process. However, in some situations, they can’t access the device, so testers may use software or tools to simulate the IoT environment and interaction. They can use multiple tools to perform IoT tests. Some of them are:


  • API Testing Tools: These tools check the connectivity, performance, and responsiveness of solutions built using REST APIs and web services.


  • Recording & Playback Tools: These tools help record devices/apps, systems, and user data to playback on simulators and apps and execute an automated test.


  • Data Loggers: The data recorded plays on other device endpoints automatically and enables testing to check the application’s compatibility with multiple devices and communication layers.


  • Virtualization Tools: These tools help detect IoT apps’ behavior in real-time and provide cost-effective tests without investing in various databases, hardware, etc. 


  • Mobile Testing Tools: As the name suggests, mobile testing tools enable automated and functional mobile testing to ensure the fast performance of apps and enhanced end-user experience.


  • Automatic Deployment Tools: These tools enable quick deployment of managed services and help create VM in the cloud or on-prem automatically to run manual and automated tests. 


  • Security Testing Tools: These tools can be categorized into different categories, including static code analysis, threat modeling tools, and runtime threat creation tools. These kinds of tools help detect threats and vulnerabilities in the IoT ecosystem.


Why Does Your Business Need IoT Assessment Automation? 


With the advent of IoT-connected devices, it sometimes becomes challenging to assess the IoT environment with the same traditional testing methods. Businesses need a solution that allows them to achieve greater ROI without compromising on time and product quality. This is where automation comes in. Automation is crucial for the Internet of Things assessment. It enables testing of all parts of the IoT ecosystem and helps businesses achieve reliability, reduced costs, faster time to market, and flexibility.


Businesses have to ensure that their IoT devices, networks, and systems are thoroughly tested in a sprint. Even the most accurate testing methods and testers can make mistakes. In this case, IoT assessment automation becomes essential for accelerating the process. Automated assessment enables rapid testing with recorded results. Also, automated tests run automatically and notify developers if anything fails. IoT assessment automation can benefit businesses in the following ways. 


  • Highly Customizable: IoT assessment automation solutions are highly customizable. Enterprises can customize them according to what fits best to their business.


  • Reduced Price: One of the major advantages of automation is cost reduction, as there are fewer hardware requirements compared to traditional methods of testing and tools. 


  • Quick Assessment: Automated assessment enables quick testing by reducing the overall time to market. 


  • Faster Defect Fixing: Defects are detected faster due to assessment automation, and thus you can quickly resolve bugs or errors.


What to Look for in an Automated IoT Assessment Solution? 


With so many IoT assessment vendors out there, it becomes difficult for organizations to find the one that fits best according to their needs. While many promise cost savings, greater ROI, and new business models, you’ll have to find which vendors are just boasting around and which have got the real deal. Here, in this section, we will highlight the assessment criteria for evaluating IoT assessment solutions. 


  • Geographic Availability: Evaluate the geographic availability of the solution, whether the product or service is geographically available in your region or not. 


  • The breadth of Offering: Find out the options for products or services the vendor has to offer. Also, ensure the option for customization to meet the needs of a broad customer base. 


  • Solution Performance: Find out if the solution can handle the greater load while maintaining the same performance level as the number of connected devices increases. 


  • Vertical Market Experience: Evaluate the vendors’ experience in the vertical market before investing in any service or solution, including retail, transportation, manufacturing, etc.


  • Support Services: Evaluate whether the vendor has to offer any additional support pre and post-deployment of the services to customize the assessment according to the client’s needs. 


  • Security: Evaluate the security of the third-party vendor’s solutions and services so that your business remains secure.


Are you looking for someone to assess your IoT environment? Wait no more! Automate your IoT assessment with CyberArrow. Let’s discuss how we can help you with IoT assessment automation. 


How CyberArrow Helps you with IoT Assessment Automation? 


CyberArrow can help simplify the Internet of Things assessment and accelerate the assessment process by automating it. 


Continuous Controls Monitoring


Reduce business losses through our continuous control monitoring and continuous auditing. We help you validate the effectiveness of your control via automated monitoring.


Risk Assessment


Manage your risk assessment, automate manual spreadsheets and view them in the powerful reporting dashboards through our automated risk management module.


Asset Inventory 


Keep an up-to-date record of all your data, including the hardware and software components of the IoT environment, with our asset inventory management.


Endpoint Monitoring


Track and control all your endpoints on a network with our endpoint monitoring, visualize endpoint device events and get system health metrics.


Security Reports


Get real-time security reports of your security posture and make informed decisions based on those reports. 


Ask a Compliance Expert


CyberArrow’s compliance experts provide 24/7 chat support to customers. 


Get in touch with one of our compliance experts, or book a free demo today!

Amar Basic
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